The UK-based Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI) has released an update on the suspension of fruit multinational Fyffes over its handling of labour disputes and concerns involving its Honduran subsidiary Suragroh.
Now close to 1.5 months into the 90-day suspension from the initiative, the Ireland-based and Japanese-owned fruit importer could face immediate dismissal from the ETI if “credible and concrete action has not been taken within this timeframe”.
“ETI believes it is now imperative that Fyffes’ work within the spirit of the judgement and ensure that workers across its Latin American supply chains and not just in Honduras benefit from meaningful and practical action,” the initiative said in an update this week.
The release referred to the recommendations of a disciplinary subcommittee that met on March 30, which decided Fyffes “had not demonstrated that it understood or acted on its obligations as a member of ETI to implement the provisions in the ETI Base Code”.
Furthermore, the subcommittee said when Fyffes consistently stated that they were complying with local law, they “failed to demonstrate that their understanding and commitment to the implementation of ETI Base Code explicitly requires more than legal compliance” where the Base Code provides a higher standard.
The ETI Board upheld a recommendation from the subcommittee to offer Fyffes the “opportunity to engage with the International Union of Farm Workers (IUF) to create a mutually agreed framework for engagement”.
The subcommittee also considered three specific complaints submitted by the IUF and the NGO, BananaLink, around ETI Base Code Provisions on:
– Freedom of association.
– Health and safety.
– Unpaid wages and overtime.
On freedom of association
“While there are a number of complexities to this aspect of the complaint and some legal technicalities, we find that taken as a whole the actions and approach taken by Suragroh [the Fyffes-owned Honduran melon plantation at the centre of the allegations] … contravene the open approach to legitimate trade union activities that ETI would expect within the supply chain to an ETI member.”
In additional comments on the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining, it was also noted that notwithstanding the complexities of the situation, Fyffes and Suragroh need to engage “with the union movement whether internationally, regionally or at the national level in Honduras”.
The necessity of starting “a genuine dialogue with those who represent workers, whether permanent or seasonal, to resolve outstanding issues and build trust for ongoing mature industrial relations and collective bargaining,” was also stated.
On health and safety
“The evidence provided was not conclusive that the [specifically evidenced] pesticide incident was more than an accident and indeed the evidence is clear that the company responded in a responsible way … However in agriculture such hazards are real and we would still suggest that these incidents are an opportunity for Suragroh and Fyffes to review the procedures and policies in place, the information provided and training for workers.”
On unpaid wages and overtime
“We would recommend that a review of systems and controls are undertaken to ensure that there is no basis for misunderstanding of what workers are due in the future and maintain our recommendation that ‘Fyffes should regularly review and audit wage systems and payments’.”